An Economical, Scalable, and Unified Communications System

Bridge the entire analog/digital boundary with our economical, scalable, unified communications system. The Mission Link Modem High Rate (MLM-HR) represents the next generation of integrated solutions for ground systems. The MLM combines a proven software framework with state-of-the-art digital signal processing components to deliver a full range of user-configurable, uplink and downlink RF-to-IP transmission and data processing capabilities.

Telemetry Processor And Test Modulator

The MLM-HR utilizes the infrastructure and capabilities of the L/S-Band MLM to implement a high-rate solution. The MLM-HR receives satellite IF transmission in a 720 MHz, 1.2GHzor 2.4 GHz signal. The MLM-HR demodulates and extracts the telemetry data from an IF signal.  The Test Modulation Uplink allows the system to perform loopback testing to ensure data reliability and error correction decoding are operating within defined parameters.  MLM provides a VITA-49 Radio Transport (VRT) network interface.

Key Features

  • Wide range of supported modulation schemes and signal characteristics.
  • Performance within 1 dB of theory for typical waveform configurations
  • CCSDS Application ID (APID) Packet Processing
    APID Data Extraction
  • Programmable data segmentation based on time interval in APID time fields.
  • Report Statistics: Total Frames Received, Total Error Frames (RS Uncorrectable), Frame on each VCID, Each APID (valid and error)
MLM Software

Frame Sync And CCSDS Processing

The frame synchronization subsystem processes extracted telemetry baseband data from the downlink signal. It performs frame synchronization and de-randomization utilizing the RS Forward Error Correction (FEC) decoding and correction for ensuring reliable delivery of data. The system makes a data quality determination and provides the relevant RS Flags to the system to request retransmission of data packets. The CCSDS VC Processor filters the data by Virtual Channel (VC) and Application ID (APID) unique to each spacecraft.  The APID processing also has a reporting capability to provide operational statistics on total frames received, total uncorrectable frames, and VCID and APID frame and packet counts. 

The MLM’s flexibility allows for local or remote control from a highly flexible graphical user interface including, a full-featured remote interface API for remote control, scripting, and automation.

Real Time Data Delivery

Processing and simulation

The MLM-HR is fully user-configurable to send real-time telemetry acting as a TCP/IP server or client.  Data can be selected by VC Data Unit (VCDU) for each port or connection.  The MLM-HR also provide data playback by VC sending selected VCDUs to each client. 

Robust Platform Architecture

Based on a robust, enterprise-grade server architecture to provide component-level redundancy and continuous operational reliability, the MLM system is highly scalable and can be expanded to include additional interfaces and increased storage capacity.


Encoding and Decoding
  • Pseudo-randomization and de-randomization
  • Reed-Solomon encoding and decoding
  • Convolutional/Viterbi encoding and decoding
  • CRC checksum generation and verification
Telemetry Processing And Simulation
  • CCSDS Conventional (version 1) and AOS (version 2) Transfer Frame processing
  • CCSDS VCA and Bitstream service processing
  • Fully configurable VCID and APID filtering and routing
  • CCSDS, TDM, and ESA packet processing
  • Database-driven telemetry decommutation and engineering unit conversion
Data Archiving And Playback
  • Configurable multi-mode file playback
  • Segmented and multi-file recording
  • Automatic time-tagging and aging of recorded files
Test Data Generation
  • Fully configurable PRBS generation and verification
  • Fixed and user-provided pattern generation & verification
  • Single- and multi-bit burst error simulation
  • AWGN and user-provided noise simulation
  • Bit and packet error rate calculation

Modulator Specifications

Output Level0 to -50 dBm in 0.5 dB steps
Center Frequency720MHz to 2.4GHz IF: Wideband Interface card
ModulationBPSK, QPSK, OQPSK, 8PSK, 16PSK,
Convolutional EncodingCCSDS 101.0-B-6 Rate ½. ¾ and 7/8, Dual CE.
Matched FilteringI&D and Root-Raised Cosine
PCM Bit Rate1 Mbps to 200Mbps (BPSK), 400 Mbps (QPSK),
600Mbps (8PSK), 800Mbps (16PSK/16APSK)
PCM SignalNRZ-L/M/S, Differential NRZ
Convolutional EncodeA, B, Invert A, Invert B, Swap A/B
Unwanted Emissions<-50 dBc, 0 to -20 dBm output
Carrier Sweep Range+/-1 MHz (Max)
Carrier Sweep Rate175 kHz/s (Max)
ReferenceInternal or External 10 MHz
Carrier Offset0 to +1 MHz

Demodulator Specifications

Input Ports1
Carrier Frequency720MHz to 2,4GHz IF: Wideband Interface card
Input Levels0 dBm to -50 dBm
DemodulationBPSK, QPSK, OQPSK, 8PSK, 16PSK,
Matched FilteringI&D and Root-Raised Cosine
Minimum Measurement CapabilitiesFrequency, Power Level, Doppler Rate, Eb/N0, Lock Status
PCM DecodingPCM Decoding
PCM Bit Rate1 Mbps to 200Mbps (BPSK), 400 Mbps (QPSK), 600Mbps (8PSK), 800Mbps (16PSK/16APSK)
QPSK, 8PSK, 16-PSK, 16-APSK Ambiguity SolvingViterbi Decoding (Single/Dual Decoder, Separate Decoders on I&Q channels), Diff QPSK Decoding, Frame Synchronization
Viterbi DecodingCCSDS 101.0-B-6
Single Viterbi Decoding Max Rate: 250Mbps
Acquisition Range+/-1 MHz (Max)
AGC Time Constant0.1, 1, 10, 100 or 1000 ms
Carrier Loop Bandwidth0.03, 0.1, 0.3, 1 and 3% of symbol rate
Doppler Rate<10 kHz/s (for loop bandwidth = 3kHz)
Acquisition ThresholdEb/N0 < 3dB
Carrier Acquisition Time1s (typical)
BER Degradation<3 dB for the listed data rates
Bit Sync Acquisition Range+3% of symbol rate

Contact Us

For more information about the Mission Link Modem (MLM), please fill out the contact form.

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